Daily News Update 15th July 2020

PSBs to purchase NBFC Bonds/CPs
As of 10 July 2020, under the extended Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme, PCGS, Public Sector Banks have approved the purchase Bonds or Commercial Papers issued by 67 NBFCs amounting to 14,667 crore rupees. Of these, 6,845 crore rupees is for Bonds or Commercial Papers rated below AA, providing liquidity support to NBFCs with lower-rated bonds or commercial papers.

Indian Railways created a record
The Indian Railways recently created a record for operating a 2.8 Km long freight train. SheshNaag is a train “amalgamating 4 empty BOXN rakes, powered by 4 sets of electric locomotives. It is also the “longest train ever to run on Indian Railways.” The train operated between Nagpur and Korba.

1st launch of Kuaizhou-11 carrier rocket fails
China’s Kuaizhou-11 carrier rocket suffered a failure during its maiden flight. The rocket was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China, but a malfunction occurred during the flight. Kuaizhou, a fast ship in Chinese, is a low-cost solid-fueled carrier rocket. The rocket was designed to launch low-Earth and Sun-synchronous orbit satellites.

PM Modi to virtually address ECOSOC
PM Narendra Modi will virtually address the valedictory of high-level segment of United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) on 17 July 2020. This will be Prime Minister Modi’s first speech at the United Nations after India reinstated its place as a non-permanent member in the Security Council. This year marks the 75th anniversary of the Council since it’s formation in 1975.

The UK bans companies from sourcing equipment from Chinese company Huawei
The UK has banned its companies from sourcing 5G equipment from Chinese telecom company Huawei. The move comes despite Beijing’s threat to retaliate to any such action by Britain. The new guidelines require the British telecom operators to remove all 5G-related equipment, supplied by the Chinese company, from their infrastructure by 2027.


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    Daily News Update 14th July 2020

    Paradip Port began EXIM services
    Odisha’s Paradip Port has commenced EXIM service (freight), which will help reduce logistics costs for the industries of Odisha. It is a historic event for Odisha and Paradip since it is for the first time, a regular EXIM service is starting from Paradip to Port Klang, Malaysia. This service will reduce logistics costs for most
    of the industries of Odisha.

    Bhanu Jayanti celebrated in Sikkim
    206th birth anniversary of Nepali poet Adikavi Bhanu Bhakta Acharya or Bhanu Jayanti was celebrated in Sikkim on 13 July 2020.
    Nepali Sahitya Parishad organized a program at Bhanu Udyan in Gangtok, which was attended by Governor Ganga Prasad and CM Prem Singh Tamang. Adikavi Bhanu Bhakta Acharya laid the foundation of Nepali literature and also translated Ramayana from Sanskrit to Nepali.

    India’s only ‘Golden’ tiger spotted in Assam
    A golden tiger was spotted in the Kaziranga National Park, Assam. this is the only documentation of a golden tiger or the Golden Tabby tiger in the 21st century. Tigers can be born “golden” due to a recessive gene that gets expressed due to inbreeding.

    Iran China set to clinch the 25-year deal
    Iran and China are close to finalizing a 25-year Strategic Partnership which will include Chinese involvement in Chabahar’s duty free zone, an oil refinery nearby, and possibly a larger role in Chabahar port as well.

    The cooperation will extend from investments in infrastructure, manufacturing and upgrading energy and transport facilities, to refurbishing ports, refineries and other installations and will commit Iranian oil and gas supplies to China during that period.

    The proposed tie up comes even as Iran decided last week to go ahead on its own with the construction of a railway line from Chabahar port to Zahedan, in Afghanistan for which an MoU had been signed with the PSU Indian Railways Construction Ltd (IRCON) four years ago.

    The MoU signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Tehran in 2016, was to construct the Zahedan-Chabahar railway as “part of transit and transportation corridor in a trilateral agreement between India, Iran, and Afghanistan”.

    Iran proposed a tie up between the Chinese run Pakistani port at Gwadhar and Chabahar last year and has offered interests to China in the Bandar-e-Jask port 350 km away from Chabahar, as well as in the Chabahar duty free zone.



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      Daily News Update 13th July 2020

      Hagia Sofia controversy
      Turkey has recently formally converted Istanbul’s sixth-century Hagia Sophia back into a mosque and declared it open for Muslim worship, despite a warning by the International community

      • Hagia Sophia was built as a Christian cathedral nearly 1,500 years ago and turned into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of 1453.
      • The Unesco World Heritage Site became a museum in 1934 under the Turkish Republic founding father Ataturk.


      • Hagia Sophia’s complex history began in the year 537 when Byzantine emperor Justinian built the huge church overlooking the Golden Horn harbor
      • With its huge dome, it was believed to be the world’s largest church and building
      • It was briefly a Catholic cathedral in the 13th Century when Crusaders captured the city
      • In 1453, in a devastating blow to the Byzantines, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II captured Istanbul (formerly known as Constantinople) and the victorious conqueror performed Friday prayers inside Hagia Sophia
      • The Ottomans soon converted the building into a mosque, adding four minarets to the exterior and covering ornate Christian icons and gold mosaics with panels of Arabic religious calligraphy
      • After centuries at the heart of the Muslim Ottoman empire, it was turned into a museum in 1934 in a drive to make Turkey more secular
      • Today Hagia Sophia is Turkey’s most popular tourist site, attracting more than 3.7 million visitors a year

        Current Affairs

      Awards-Indian battalion wins (UNIFIL) United Nation Interim Force on Lebanon environment award

      Summit and conference-15th meeting of the Indian European Union Summit will be held in virtual mode

      Science and tech– ISRO will launch Brazil’s Amazonia-1 satellite

      Finance Commission holds meeting with MDHFW
      increasing public expenditure in healthcare to 2.5% of GDP by 2025

      Nadi Vigyan by Ministry of Tourism
      a complete solution for spinal disorders under Dekho Apna Desh Series.

      Lee Hsien Loong becomes the new PM of Singapore

      MOSE: Experimental Electrochemical Module is Venice’s flood defense system to be operational by 2021.

      ASEEM Portal-by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to help skilled people.

      Supreme Court constitutional bench to hold its 1st virtual sitting tomorrow.

      Chhattisgarh government organizes India’s first e-Lok Adalat

      India becomes 2nd largest foreign investor in the UK

      India’s Tiger Census 2018 sets new Guinness world record

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      Kezang D Thongdok is an enthusiastic independent film maker hailing from the beautiful valley of Rupa, Arunachal Pradesh.

      Daily News Update 12th July 2020

      Kezang D Thongdok won Dada Saheb Phalke Award

      Kezang D Thongdok, a filmmaker, has bagged the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2020.

      Thongdok’s short documentary Chi Lupo artfully sketches the custom of honey hunting practiced in the Shertukpen community wherein “Chi’ means honey and ‘Lupo’ means hunters.

      Presently, Thongdok is working on his new project, a documentary film titled ‘Khiksaba’, an unexplored festival of Shertukpen tribe.

      Government of India ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship launched ASEEM portal

      Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched Aatamanirbhar Skilled Employee-Employer Mapping (ASEEM) portal.

      It will help skilled people find sustainable livelihood opportunities.

      The portal will map details of workers based on regions and local industry demands and will bridge the demand-supply gap of skilled workforce across sectors.

      Ypthima watsoni butterfly rediscovered

      In Tripura, a team of wildlife researchers has rediscovered ‘Ypthima Watsoni’ butterfly commonly known as ‘Looped three-ring’ after 61 years.

      • It was found near a village called Phuldungsei in Jampui Hills under the North Tripura district.
      • The species was last seen in the year 1958 in Manipur
      • ·The research paper has been published in the Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies.
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      Are You Considering A Career In The Civil Services?

      Are You Considering A Career In The Civil Services?

      If the answer is yes!  Then you have started down the path to becoming a member of one of the most respected communities in the country.

      The Indian Civil Services, sometimes, referred to as the ‘steel frame’ in the fabric of governance is one of the most challenging and fulfilling careers in India.  Its members are responsible for overseeing and administering all government activity and policies.

      The four main (and popular) branches under the Union Public Services Commission umbrella are the Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and the Indian Revenue Service (IRS).

      Once you gain admission to any of these professions, the choice of options and opportunities to choose from are simply amazing. The range can vary from Personal Secretary to Central Government Ministers; deputations to International Organisations like the United Nations, World Bank, the Commonwealth, SAARC,    WTO etc.  Alternatively you could head up Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and autonomous organisations.

      The prestige and the authority are enormous.  Like all good things in this life, it must be earned.  So it is with the Civil Services.  It is one of the most competitive exams in the world with a success rate of only about 1.5%!

      To make it through you must be talented, really determined, single-minded and absolutely dedicated.  Clarity of thought, logical reasoning and a rational approach to issues and problems are essential requirements to carry out regular tasks or deal with the totally unexpected developments.

      You must also be ready to shoulder immense responsibility.  Integrity is greatest virtue that every Civil Service Officer must possess.  There is no way to measure or value your positive and progressive contribution to our people.

      The rewards are huge, satisfaction guaranteed and respect assured.

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      Strategic Tips To Crack The UPSC Prelims

      Strategic Tips To Crack The UPSC Prelims

      There are no shortcuts.  You will be competing against more than 8 lakh other applicants.  The UPSC Exams require a candidate to put in 9 to 10 hours of learning and effort – daily.  There is no alternative.

      The Exams are designed to test your analytical skills not your memory.  The exam is also intended to assess the all round general awareness/knowledge of the candidate.  With all that in mind Game Changer has a few simple suggestions that are really handy in your preparations. 

      • Make yourself familiar with details of the UPSC exam pattern.
      • Analysis and research of past papers will not offer clues to possible questions.
      • Remember candidates need a minimum of 33% marks in the CSAT to qualify for the Mains exam.
      • You should start your preparations at least a year prior to appearing for the exam.
      • Be very clear about your exam objectives.
      • You must develop the habit of reading newspapers and magazines in order to keep abreast of current events.
      • At first reading, the syllabus will look vast and impossible to absorb.  Do not be afraid. 
      • You do not need to be an expert on every subject or topic.
      • What is essential is being well-read, able to evaluate issues (both sides), logical reasoning, all the while keeping a balanced viewpoint.
      • You should build clarity and an unbiased perspective.
      • Cultivate a strong practice of taking notes.
        • This serves three purposes.  First – it helps you remember things better.
        • Second – It will improve your ability to write and clearly express yourself while under time pressure in the exam hall.
        • Third, it will be invaluable in your career as a Civil Services Officer. 

      In this digital era of immense amounts of knowledge available online, it is incredibly easy getting information and data.  However, there are some aspects to cracking the UPSC exam that can only come from first-hand experience.

      It is in this space that Game Changer can play a vital role in helping aspirants to work out a successful strategy.  One that works well for you.

      We have several decorated senior Civil Service Officers (serving and retired) in our faculty.  They are an incredible resource to have.  You can draw upon their knowledge and first-hand experience to help you clear the exam.

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      Game Changer: UPSC 2020 – IAS Preparation

      UPSC 2020 – IAS Preparation

      The first step for aspirants should be to go through the exam pattern and the UPSC Syllabus.

      The syllabus for the IAS Exam is quite detailed and yet because of the wide range of knowledge being tested, aspirants should go through the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to gauge the level of questions being asked in the exam.

      Aspirants should think of UPSC Preparation as a marathon and not a sprint. For efficient and effective preparation, candidates should divide the reading material (UPSC Books) and revision time according to the date sheet given by the commission.

      For reference, the important UPSC exam dates for the year 2020 are given in the table below:

      Date of UPSC NotificationFebruary 12, 2020
      Last Date for receipt of applicationMarch 03, 2020
      UPSC Admit Card3 Weeks before Prelims Exam Date
      UPSC Prelims Exam Date
      • Sunday, May 31, 2020 [Postponed]
      • Revised Date – To be announced
      UPSC Prelims Result(tentative) 1st week of July 2020
      UPSC Mains Admit Card(tentative) 1st week of September 2020
      UPSC Mains Exam DateSeptember 18, 2020, onwards (5 days)
      UPSC Mains Result(tentative) November 2020
      IAS Interview(tentative) December 2020 – January 2021

      Every year, the Union Public Service Commission releases the official notification for the Civil Services Exam.

      The UPSC Notification lists the following information:

      1. Posts and Vacancies – The number of vacancies varies each year. For UPSC 2019, the official notification stated 896 vacancies
      2. UPSC Eligibility – Age limit, Educational Qualification and Physical Fitness
      3. UPSC Online Application – How to Apply and Application Fee
      4. Exam Pattern and Syllabus for Prelims and Mains

      For General Category aspirants, the UPSC Age Limit is 21-32 years and maximum 6 attempts are allowed. An attempt is counted only when a candidate appears for at least one paper in the UPSC Prelims.

      Aspirants who are in their last year of graduation can also take the exam but they will have to submit the proof of passing before they can appear for the Mains stage of the UPSC 2020 exam.

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      Game Changer: UPSC Prelims Date Delayed – Again

      UPSC Prelims Date Delayed – Again

      • Originally the UPSC Prelims were scheduled for 31st May 2020.
      • On 4th May 2020, the Commission announced a postponement in holding the Prelim Exam for 2020.
      • On 20th May 2020, the Commission announced that a fresh date will be declared on 5th June 2020 after reviewing the COVID-19 situation.
      • The UPSC Interviews for the 2019 exam has also been postponed till further notice.

      All these postponements means deep uncertainty still surrounds the conducting of the UPSC Prelims. Candidates are worried and stressed, which can lead them to losing focus and discipline in their preparation.

      There is a fear too that aspirants will not have sufficient time to get ready and practice for the IAS Mains. These were scheduled to begin on 18th September 2020. The dates have not been moved nor has there been a fresh announcement by the UPSC on the postponement of the Mains exam.

      There is growing concern that the cascading effects of delays and postponements will leave them at a great disadvantage. This is very understandable.

      However, hopefuls should not panic. Going by past trends, the UPSC has always provided sufficient time for students to prepare for the exams. For instance in 2013, when the UPSC was evaluating the exam pattern, students were still given adequate preparation time.

      A word of advice here. Students should maintain their focus, be prepared for any eventuality and most importantly manage their time well.

      UPSC Prelims 2020 Postponement Notice

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      Game Changer: UPSC (Prelims) Pattern and Syllabus

      UPSC (Prelims) Pattern and Syllabus

      The Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) Examination is the first test for candidates who desire a career in meaningful government service.

      The first phase or Preliminary (better known as the Prelims) Examination has two papers.  They are called General Ability Test (GAT) and the Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT). They are designed to test the analytical skills of the candidates.

      The questions in these papers are objective type and carry 200 marks each, totalling 400 marks.  Each paper is two hours in length.  Both papers are compulsory and candidates must attempt both to qualify for the Mains.


      There are “No” predictable patterns to the Prelims question papers.  Question papers of previous years do not provide indications of what questions may come.  However, what you do get is the nature of the questions that will appear.

      The two Tests are conducted on the same day.  Paper I is held in the morning session and Paper II in the afternoon/evening session.

      Paper I

      History: Of India and the Indian Freedom Struggle

      • Ancient History of India
      • Medieval History of India
      • Modern History Of India – 1857 to 1947
      • Indian National Movement

      Geography: Of India and the Concept of Physical Geography

      • Physical Geography
      • Human Geography
      • Economic Geography
      • World Geography

      Polity: Indian Polity and Governance Issues

      • Union Executives
      • State Executives
      • Federalism in India
      • Judicial System
      • Panchayati Raj

      Economy: Indian Economy & Social Development

      • Basic Principles of Indian Economy
      • Social Schemes of the Government
      • Social Development Through Economic Empowerment
      • Sustainable Development
      • Demographics

      Environment & Ecology: Principles of Environment & Ecology

      • General Principles
      • Climate Change And Climate Summits & Conferences

      General Science: Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Technology

      • General Principles
      • Latest Science and Technological Development

      Current Events: All Events Of National & International Importance

      • Current Affairs
      • Current Affairs With all Dimensions 

      Paper II

      1. Reading Comprehension
      2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
      3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
      4. Decision making and problem-solving ability
      5. General mental ability
      6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
      7. English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

      8. Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

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